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首页 > 外贸资讯 > 提醒!加拿大新规,这种情况下货主货代和海外代理都将失去货物控制权!

提醒!加拿大新规,这种情况下货主货代和海外代理都将失去货物控制权!

2018-11-20 风险预警

来源:运去哪


近期加拿大港口出台新规定:如果海运出口整箱的提单是出EBL(Express Bill of Lading)或者SWB (Sea Waybill), 那么一旦集装箱被海关和船公司放行后,即使在没有货主或者加拿大代理的授权下,加拿大码头也将有权将集装箱交给提单上任一货权方!


先看一下新规的英文内容:


BIFA WARNING TO MEMBERS WHO SHIP FCL CARGO TO CANADA

BIFA has been advised that Canadian terminals will now release containers to ANY party once the container has been both customs and carrier released, if shipped on an Express Bill of Lading or Sea Waybill.


BIFA is led to believe that Carriers release any Full Container Load (FCL) cargo, manifested as Express Bill of Lading or Sea Waybill, automatically to their terminals and as most FCL Consignees customs clear these containers in advance of arrival, terminals will already have the customs release. As a result of this the Canadian import forwarder can no longer control the release of containers to the ultimate consignee.


When FCL cargo is sent to Canada on a carrier’s Express BL, due to the previously described situation the Canadian import freight forwarder will not be able to “HOLD” the release of the container to the ultimate consignee. As a result, containers where the Canadian agent is expected to secure the sending agents original HBL can be released to the consignee without the agent’s knowledge or control. Consequently, the Canadian agent is unable to secure any charges from the consignee.


It is understood that some Canadian agents have advised that FCL cargo consigned to them should now move on a carriers Original Bill of Lading with an original sent to them to surrender to the carrier in Canada to obtain release of the container.  As one agent succinctly put it “FCL cargo can no longer move on Express BL’s.”


Some Canadian agents are advising that they are unable to accept any liability on the release of cargo moving on Express BL’s.  BIFA’s current guidance to Members is to check with your Canadian agents regarding this situation.


新规看似普通,但其实对于中国出口企业或者货代企业而言,却暗藏着一个巨大风险:一旦出现这种情况,货柜运抵加拿大港口后,无单放货将是合规合法的!


根据最新的规定,任何海运整柜的集装箱货物(FCL), 如果申报时有资料显示是做EBL或者SWB的,那么船公司将自动将货柜放给目的港的码头!


同时由于行业习惯,一般而言几乎所有的集装箱货物在到港前都会安排提起清关,也就是海运整柜货物到港前就已经完成清关并获得放行。


那么货物到港后,一方面船公司由于EBL或SWL条款自动将货物放行给码头,另外一方面,因为货柜抵达加拿大港口前已经提前完成清关并获得海关放行,这两个条件叠加一起,结果就是加拿大的当地代理再也无法控制货权了!无单放货成为现实!


根据以上对新规的解读,我们发现当运往加拿大港口的货物是做EBL或SWL时,加拿大的进口代理将不能再HOLD货了,货物将放给最终收货人!


这样一来,原本希望通过正本HBL来控制货权将不可能了,而一旦这票货物有任何未付费用或额外费用需要向收货人收取的话,这个时候失去对货物控制权的目的港代理将会有心无力了!


据了解,一些加拿大代理商已经告知,托运给他们的整箱货物现在应该尽量出船公司正本提单,并将提单原件发送给目的港代理,以便代理在加拿大提交给船公司,以获得集装箱在目的港控货和放行权。


简单来说,新规出台后,海运整箱货物要尽量避免出EBL或者SWB!


还有一些加拿大代理商建议出Express BL’s的,货物被提走他们将不承担任何的责任,建议你和你的加拿大代理尽快落实相关情况,以免造成不必要的损失。

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